main class


On URIs:

The Redfish RESTful API is a “hypermedia API” by design. This is to avoid building in restrictive assumptions to the data model that will make it difficult to adapt to future hardware implementations. A hypermedia API avoids these assumptions by making the data model discoverable via links between resources.

A URI should be treated by the client as opaque, and thus should not be attempted to be understood or deconstructed by the client. Only specific top level URIs (any URI in this sample code) may be assumed, and even these may be absent based upon the implementation (e.g. there might be no /redfish/v1/Systems collection on something that doesn’t have compute nodes.)

The other URIs must be discovered dynamically by following href links. This is because the API will eventually be implemented on a system that breaks any existing data model “shape” assumptions we may make now. In particular, clients should not make assumptions about the URIs for the resource members of a collection. For instance, the URI of a collection member will NOT always be /redfish/v1/.../collection/1, or 2. On systems with multiple compute nodes per manager, a System collection member might be /redfish/v1/Systems/C1N1.

This sounds very complicated, but in reality (as these examples demonstrate), if you are looking for specific items, the traversal logic isn’t too complicated.

On Resource Model Traversal:

Although the resources in the data model are linked together, because of cross link references between resources, a client may not assume the resource model is a tree. It is a graph instead, so any crawl of the data model should keep track of visited resources to avoid an infinite traversal loop.

A reference to another resource is any property called “href” no matter where it occurs in a resource.

An external reference to a resource outside the data model is referred to by a property called “extref”. Any resource referred to by extref should not be assumed to follow the conventions of the API.

On Resource Versions:

Each resource has a “Type” property with a value of the format Tyepname.x.y.z where * x = major version - incrementing this is a breaking change to the schema y = * minor version - incrementing this is a non-breaking additive change to the * schema z = errata - non-breaking change

Because all resources are versioned and schema also have a version, it is possible to design rules for “nearest” match (e.g. if you are interacting with multiple services using a common batch of schema files). The mechanism is not prescribed, but a client should be prepared to encounter both older and newer versions of resource types.

On HTTP POST to create:

WHen POSTing to create a resource (e.g. create an account or session) the guarantee is that a successful response includes a “Location” HTTP header indicating the resource URI of the newly created resource. The POST may also include a representation of the newly created object in a JSON response body but may not. Do not assume the response body, but test it. It may also be an ExtendedError object.


All clients must correctly handle HTTP redirect. We (or Redfish) may eventually need to use redirection as a way to alias portions of the data model.

FUTURE: Asynchronous tasks

In the future some operations may start asynchonous tasks. In this case, the client should recognized and handle HTTP 202 if needed and the ‘Location’ header will point to a resource with task information and status.


The json-schema available at /redfish/v1/Schemas governs the content of the resources, but keep in mind: * not every property in the schema is implemented in every implementation. * some properties are schemed to allow both null and anotehr type like string * or integer.

Robust client code should check both the existence and type of interesting properties and fail gracefully if expectations are not met.


Clients should always be prepared for: * unimplemented properties (e.g. a property doesn’t apply in a particular case) * null values in some cases if the value of a property is not currently known * due to system conditions HTTP status codes other than 200 OK. Can your code * handle an HTTP 500 Internal Server Error with no other info? URIs are case * insensitive HTTP header names are case insensitive JSON Properties and Enum * values are case sensitive A client should be tolerant of any set of HTTP * headers the service returns

class redfish.main.ConnectionParameters[source]

Store connection parameters.

class redfish.main.RedfishConnection(url, user, password, simulator=False, enforceSSL=True, verify_cert=True)[source]

Implements basic connection handling for Redfish APIs.


Return api version.

Returns:string – version