This module can be executed to get a list of ports (python -m It also contains the following functions.
Returns:an iterable that yields ListPortInfo objects.

The function returns an iterable that yields tuples of three strings:

  • port name as it can be passed to serial.Serial or serial.serial_for_url()
  • description in human readable form
  • sort of hardware ID. E.g. may contain VID:PID of USB-serial adapters.

Items are returned in no particular order. It may make sense to sort the items. Also note that the reported strings are different across platforms and operating systems, even for the same device.


Support is limited to a number of operating systems. On some systems description and hardware ID will not be available (None).

Platform:Posix (/dev files)
Platform:Linux (/dev files, sysfs and lsusb)
Platform:OSX (iokit)
Platform:Windows (setupapi, registry)
Parameters:regexp – regular expression (see stdlib re)
Returns:an iterable that yields ListPortInfo objects, see also comports().

Search for ports using a regular expression. Port name, description and hardware ID are searched (case insensitive). The function returns an iterable that contains the same tuples that comport() generates, but includes only those entries that match the regexp.


This object holds information about a serial port. It supports indexed access for backwards compatibility, as in port, desc, hwid = info.


Full device name/path, e.g. /dev/ttyUSB0. This is also the information returned as first element when accessed by index.


Short device name, e.g. ttyUSB0.


Human readable description or n/a. This is also the information returned as second element when accessed by index.


Technical description or n/a. This is also the information returned as third element when accessed by index.

USB specific data, these are all None if it is not a USB device (or the platform does not support extended info).


USB Vendor ID (integer, 0...65535).


USB product ID (integer, 0...65535).


USB serial number as a string.


USB device location string (“<bus>-<port>[-<port>]...”)


USB manufacturer string, as reported by device.


USB product string, as reported by device.


Interface specifc description, e.g. used in compound USB devices.

Comparison operators are implemented such that the ListPortInfo objects can be sorted by device. Strings are split into groups of numbers and text so that the order is “natural” (i.e. com1 < com2 < com10).

Command line usage

Help for python -m

usage: [-h] [-v] [-q] [-n N] [regexp]

Serial port enumeration

positional arguments:
  regexp         only show ports that match this regex

optional arguments:
  -h, --help     show this help message and exit
  -v, --verbose  show more messages
  -q, --quiet    suppress all messages
  -n N           only output the N-th entry


  • List all ports with details:

    $ python -m -v
        desc: ttyS0
        hwid: PNP0501
        desc: CP2102 USB to UART Bridge Controller
        hwid: USB VID:PID=10C4:EA60 SER=0001 LOCATION=2-1.6
    2 ports found
  • List the 2nd port matching a USB VID:PID pattern:

    $ python -m 1234:5678 -q -n 2

New in version 2.6.

Changed in version 3.0: returning ListPortInfo objects instead of a tuple

This is a console application that provides a small terminal application. Miniterm itself does not implement any terminal features such as VT102 compatibility. However it may inherit these features from the terminal it is run. For example on GNU/Linux running from an xterm it will support the escape sequences of the xterm. On Windows the typical console window is dumb and does not support any escapes. When ANSI.sys is loaded it supports some escapes.


--- Miniterm on /dev/ttyS0: 9600,8,N,1 ---
--- Quit: Ctrl+]  |  Menu: Ctrl+T | Help: Ctrl+T followed by Ctrl+H ---

Command line options can be given so that binary data including escapes for terminals are escaped or output as hex.

Miniterm supports RFC 2217 remote serial ports and raw sockets using URL Handlers such as rfc2217:://<host>:<port> respectively socket://<host>:<port> as port argument when invoking.

Command line options python -m -h:

usage: [-h] [--parity {N,E,O,S,M}] [--rtscts] [--xonxoff]
                   [--rts RTS] [--dtr DTR] [-e] [--encoding CODEC] [-f NAME]
                   [--eol {CR,LF,CRLF}] [--raw] [--exit-char NUM]
                   [--menu-char NUM] [-q] [--develop]
                   [port] [baudrate]

Miniterm - A simple terminal program for the serial port.

positional arguments:
  port                  serial port name
  baudrate              set baud rate, default: 9600

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit

port settings:
  --parity {N,E,O,S,M}  set parity, one of {N E O S M}, default: N
  --rtscts              enable RTS/CTS flow control (default off)
  --xonxoff             enable software flow control (default off)
  --rts RTS             set initial RTS line state (possible values: 0, 1)
  --dtr DTR             set initial DTR line state (possible values: 0, 1)
  --ask                 ask again for port when open fails

data handling:
  -e, --echo            enable local echo (default off)
  --encoding CODEC      set the encoding for the serial port (e.g. hexlify,
                        Latin1, UTF-8), default: UTF-8
  -f NAME, --filter NAME
                        add text transformation
  --eol {CR,LF,CRLF}    end of line mode
  --raw                 Do no apply any encodings/transformations

  --exit-char NUM       Unicode of special character that is used to exit the
                        application, default: 29
  --menu-char NUM       Unicode code of special character that is used to
                        control miniterm (menu), default: 20

  -q, --quiet           suppress non-error messages
  --develop             show Python traceback on error

Miniterm supports some control functions. Typing Ctrl+T Ctrl+H when it is running shows the help text:

--- pySerial (3.0a) - miniterm - help
--- Ctrl+]   Exit program
--- Ctrl+T   Menu escape key, followed by:
--- Menu keys:
---    Ctrl+T  Send the menu character itself to remote
---    Ctrl+]  Send the exit character itself to remote
---    Ctrl+I  Show info
---    Ctrl+U  Upload file (prompt will be shown)
---    Ctrl+A  encoding
---    Ctrl+F  edit filters
--- Toggles:
---    Ctrl+R  RTS   Ctrl+D  DTR   Ctrl+B  BREAK
---    Ctrl+E  echo  Ctrl+L  EOL
--- Port settings (Ctrl+T followed by the following):
---    p          change port
---    7 8        set data bits
---    N E O S M  change parity (None, Even, Odd, Space, Mark)
---    1 2 3      set stop bits (1, 2, 1.5)
---    b          change baud rate
---    x X        disable/enable software flow control
---    r R        disable/enable hardware flow control

Changed in version 2.5: Added Ctrl+T menu and added support for opening URLs.

Changed in version 2.6: File moved from the examples to

Changed in version 3.0: Apply encoding on serial port, convert to Unicode for console. Added new filters, default to stripping terminal control sequences. Added –ask option.

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