Spreadsheet Document

Definition: https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/Spreadsheet

A spreadsheet is a computer application that simulates a paper, accounting worksheet. It displays multiple cells usually in a two-dimensional matrix or grid consisting of rows and columns. Each cell contains alphanumeric text, numeric values or formulas. A formula defines how the content of that cell is to be calculated from the contents of any other cell (or combination of cells) each time any cell is updated (ezodf has no calculation-engine included!). A pseudo third dimension to the matrix is sometimes applied as another sheet, of two-dimensional data.

Document Management

You can create new spreadsheet-documents or open existing documents to modify their content.

create a new document:

spreadsheet = ezodf.newdoc(doctype="ods", filename="spreadsheet.ods")

or open an existing document:

spreadsheet = ezodf.opendoc("spreadsheet.ods")

Sheet Management

A spreadsheet document should contain at least one Table object. In the context of a spreadsheet document I use sheet as synonym for the Table class, which manages the sheet content. These sheets are accessible by the sheets attribute (Sheets object) of the spreadsheet document. All sheets names should be unique, and can contain spaces.

Supported operations:

  • append/insert new sheets
  • replace existing sheet
  • delete existing sheets


sheets = spreadsheet.sheets
# append a new sheet
sheets += ezodf.Table('Sheet1')
# or
# get a sheet by index
sheet = sheets[0]
# get a sheet by name
sheet = sheets['Sheet1']
# iterate over all sheets
for sheet in sheets:
    print sheet.name
# replace an existing sheet
sheets['Sheet2'] = ezodf.Table('Sheet3')
# insert a sheet at index
sheets.insert(0, ezodf.Table('SheetBeforeSheet1'))
# get the names of all existing sheets
sheetnames = sheets.names()
# get count of sheets
count = len(sheets)
# get index of a sheet
index = sheets.index(sheet)
# delete a sheet by index
del sheets[0]
#delete a sheet by name
del sheets['Sheet1']

Sheet Content Management

The sheet content is managed by the Table class. You have access to the Cell objects by (row, col) tuples as zero-based indices or classic spreadsheet references (like 'A1' = (0, 0)). All getters returning Cell objects or lists of Cell objects.

All indices or size tuples are zero-based and have the form (row, column).

Supported operations:

  • get/set table-cells
  • append/insert new (empty) rows or columns
  • delete rows and columns
  • get whole rows or columns as standard python lists
  • reset sheet content and size

metrics and property examples:

sheet = spreadsheet.sheets['Sheet1']
# get count of rows/columns
rowcount = sheet.nrows()
colcount = sheet.ncols()
# get/set sheetname
sheet.name = 'NewSheetName'
# reset sheet content
sheet.reset(size=(20, 10))

get/set table data:

# get/set cells
cell = table[0, 0]
cell = table['A1']
# set as float
if table[0, 0].value > 100.:
# set as currency
table['B1'].set_value(100, currency='EUR')
# set as string

# get rows/columns
for cell in table.column(0):
    print cell.value
for cell in table.row(0):
    print cell.value
# iterate over all cells
for row in table.rows():
    for cell in row:
        print cell.value

row and column management:

# append empty rows/columns
# insert empty rows/columns
table.insert_rows(index=5, count=2)
table.insert_columns(index=5, count=2)
# delete rows/columns
table.delete_rows(index=5, count=2)
table.delete_columns(index=5, count=2)


insert/delete operations break cell references in formulas

get row and column infos (see TableRow and TableColumn):

colinfo = table.column_info(0)
rowinfo = table.row_info(0)

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