DynamORM (pronounced Dynamo-R-M) is a Python object relation mapping library for Amazon’s DynamoDB service.

The project has two goals:

  1. Abstract away the interaction with the underlying DynamoDB libraries. Python access to the DynamoDB service has evolved quickly, from Dynamo v1 in boto to Dynamo v2 in boto and then the new resource model in boto3. By providing a consistent interface that will feel familiar to users of other Python ORMs (SQLAlchemy, Django, Peewee, etc) means that we can always provide best-practices for queries and take advantages of new features without needing to refactor any application logic.
  2. Delegate schema validation and serialization to more focused libraries. Building ORM semantics is “easy”, doing data validation and serialization is not. We support both Marshmallow and Schematics for building your object schemas. You can take advantage of the full power of these libraries as they are transparently exposed in your code.


from dynamorm import DynaModel

# In this example we'll use Marshmallow
# You can see that you have to import the schema library yourself, it is not abstracted at all
from marshmallow import fields

# Our objects are defined as DynaModel classes
class Book(DynaModel):
    # Define our DynamoDB properties
    class Table:
        name = 'prod-books'
        hash_key = 'isbn'
        read = 25
        write = 5

    # Define our data schema, each property here will become a property on instances of the Book class
    class Schema:
        isbn = fields.String(validate=validate_isbn)
        title = fields.String()
        author = fields.String()
        publisher = fields.String()
        year = fields.Number()

# Store new documents directly from dictionaries
    "isbn": "12345678910",
    "title": "Foo",
    "author": "Mr. Bar",
    "publisher": "Publishorama"

# Work with the classes as objects.  You can pass attributes from the schema to the constructor
foo = Book(isbn="12345678910", title="Foo", author="Mr. Bar",

# Or assign attributes
foo = Book()
foo.isbn = "12345678910"
foo.title = "Foo"
foo.author = "Mr. Bar"
foo.publisher = "Publishorama"

# In all cases they go through Schema validation, calls to .put or .save can result in ValidationError

# You can then fetch, query and scan your tables.
# Get on the hash key, and/or range key

# Query based on the keys

# Scan based on attributes
Book.scan(author="Mr. Bar")
Book.scan(author__ne="Mr. Bar")

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