Python-Markdown 2.5 Release Notes

We are pleased to release Python-Markdown 2.5 which adds a few new features and fixes various bugs. See the list of changes below for details.

Python-Markdown version 2.5 supports Python versions 2.7, 3.2, 3.3, and 3.4.

Backwards-incompatible Changes

  • Python-Markdown no longer supports Python version 2.6. You must be using Python versions 2.7, 3.2, 3.3, or 3.4.

  • The force_linenos configuration key on the CodeHilite Extension has been deprecated and will raise a KeyError if provided. In the previous release (2.4), it was issuing a DeprecationWarning. The linenums keyword should be used instead, which provides more control of the output.

  • Both safe_mode and the associated html_replacement_text keywords will be deprecated in version 2.6 and will raise a PendingDeprecationWarning in 2.5. The so-called “safe mode” was never actually “safe” which has resulted in many people having a false sense of security when using it. As an alternative, the developers of Python-Markdown recommend that any untrusted content be passed through an HTML sanitizer (like Bleach) after being converted to HTML by markdown.

    If your code previously looked like this:

    html = markdown.markdown(text, same_mode=True)

    Then it is recommended that you change your code to read something like this:

    import bleach
    html = bleach.clean(markdown.markdown(text))

    If you are not interested in sanitizing untrusted text, but simply desire to escape raw HTML, then that can be accomplished through an extension which removes HTML parsing:

    from markdown.extensions import Extension
    class EscapeHtml(Extension):
        def extendMarkdown(self, md, md_globals):
            del md.preprocessors['html_block']
            del md.inlinePatterns['html']
    html = markdown.markdown(text, extensions=[EscapeHtml()])

    As the HTML would not be parsed with the above Extension, then the serializer will escape the raw HTML, which is exactly what happens now when safe_mode="escape".

  • Positional arguments on the markdown.Markdown() are pending deprecation as are all except the text argument on the markdown.markdown() wrapper function. Only keyword arguments should be used. For example, if your code previously looked like this:

     html = markdown.markdown(text, ['extra'])

    Then it is recommended that you change it to read something like this:

    html = markdown.markdown(text, extensions=['extra'])


    This change is being made as a result of deprecating "safe_mode" as the safe_mode argument was one of the positional arguments. When that argument is removed, the two arguments following it will no longer be at the correct position. It is recommended that you always use keywords when they are supported for this reason.

  • In previous versions of Python-Markdown, the built-in extensions received special status and did not require the full path to be provided. Additionally, third party extensions whose name started with "mdx_" received the same special treatment. This behavior will be deprecated in version 2.6 and will raise a PendingDeprecationWarning in 2.5. Ensure that you always use the full path to your extensions. For example, if you previously did the following:

    markdown.markdown(text, extensions=['extra'])

    You should change your code to the following:

    markdown.markdown(text, extensions=['markdown.extensions.extra'])

    The same applies to the command line:

    $ python -m markdown -x markdown.extensions.extra input.txt

    See the documentation for a full explanation of the current behavior.

  • The previously documented method of appending the extension configuration as a string to the extension name will be deprecated in Python-Markdown version 2.6 and will raise a PendingDeprecationWarning in 2.5. The extension_configs keyword should be used instead. See the documentation for a full explanation of the current behavior.

What’s New in Python-Markdown 2.5

  • The Smarty Extension has had a number of additional configuration settings added, which allows one to define their own substitutions to better support languages other than English. Thanks to Martin Altmayer for implementing this feature.

  • Named Extensions (strings passed to the extensions keyword of markdown.Markdown) can now point to any module and/or Class on your PYTHONPATH. While dot notation was previously supported, a module could not be at the root of your PYTHONPATH. The name had to contain at least one dot (requiring it to be a sub-module). This restriction no longer exists.

    Additionally, a Class may be specified in the name. The class must be at the end of the name (which uses dot notation from PYTHONPATH) and be separated by a colon from the module.

    Therefore, if you were to import the class like this:

    from import SomeExtensionClass

    Then the named extension would comprise this string:


    This allows multiple extensions to be implemented within the same module and still accessible when the user is not able to import the extension directly (perhaps from a template filter or the command line).

    This also means that extension modules are no longer required to include the makeExtension function which returns an instance of the extension class. However, if the user does not specify the class name (she only provides "") the extension will fail to load without the makeExtension function included in the module. Extension authors will want to document carefully what is required to load their extensions.

  • The Extension Configuration code has been refactored to make it a little easier for extension authors to work with configuration settings. As a result, the extension_configs keyword now accepts a dictionary rather than requiring a list of tuples. A list of tuples is still supported so no one needs to change their existing code. This should also simplify the learning curve for new users.

    Extension authors are encouraged to review the new methods available on the markdown.extnesions.Extension class for handling configuration and adjust their code going forward. The included extensions provide a model for best practices. See the API documentation for a full explanation.

  • The Command Line Interface now accepts a --extensions_config (or -c) option which accepts a file name and passes the parsed content of a YAML or JSON file to the extension_configs keyword of the markdown.Markdown class. The contents of the YAML or JSON must map to a Python Dictionary which matches the format required by the extension_configs keyword. Note that PyYAML is required to parse YAML files.

  • The admonition extension is no longer considered “experimental.”

  • There have been various refactors of the testing framework. While those changes will not directly effect end users, the code is being better tested which will benefit everyone.

  • Various bug fixes have been made. See the commit log for a complete history of the changes.